In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi's party won a majority in both houses.Myanmar is a country rich in jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources.
Repeated Mongol invasions (1277–1301) toppled the four-century-old kingdom in 1287.
Pagan's collapse was followed by 250 years of political fragmentation that lasted well into the 16th century.
Theravada Buddhism slowly began to spread to the village level, although Tantric, Mahayana, Hinduism, and folk religion remained heavily entrenched.
Pagan's rulers and wealthy built over 10,000 Buddhist temples in the Pagan capital zone alone.
During this time, the United Nations and several other organisations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country.